Pelatihan Mindfulness Untuk Meningkatkan Kualitas Hidup Pada Orang Dengan HIV/AIDS (ODHA)

Rahma Putri Ramadhani, Fuad Nashori, Retno Kumolohadi

Abstract


Abstract: HIV/AIDS can emerge a number of issues that can lead to the deterioration quality of life to People Living with HIV/AIDS. The problems arising include  the poor physical condition, social pressure and psychological effects on people living with HIV/AIDS. One of the efforts that can be done to improve the quality of life ODHA is through the mindfulness training. Mindfulness is a set of structured activities in the form of mind meditation aimed to train the individual to develop the ability to focus the attention on the existing conditions, events and activities. This research aims to observe the effectiveness of mindfulness training to improve the quality of life to People Living with HIV/AIDS (ODHA). The participants consisted of five people as the subject. The design of this research used was One Group Pre-test Post-test. Intervention was given within two days. The measurement tool used was the  questionnaires of WHOQOL-HIV BREF developed by WHO (2017) that has been adapted into Indonesia Language by Muhammad, Shatri, Djoerban and Abdullah  (2017). Based on the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test, it was found the value of Z = -2,023 with p = 0,043 meaning that mindfulness training was effective to improve the quality of life PLWHA.

Keywords


Quality of Life, Mindfulness Training, PLWHA

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15548/alqalb.v12i1.2506
Abstract views : 471 times
PDF : 471 times

References


Arikunto, S. (2006). Prosedur penelitian. Yogyakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Berg, R. C., Landreth, G. L., & Fall, K. A. (2006). Group counseling: Concepts and procedures. New York: Routledge.

Campbell, C., Nair, Y., Maimane, S., & Sibiya, Z. (2005). Understanding and challeging HIV/AIDS stigma. Durban: HIVAN.

Chorwe-Sungani, G., Sefasi, A., & Pindani, M. (2015). Mental health problems affecting people who have HIV and AIDS in Malawi: A review. Scientific Research Publishing, 5(1), 189-194. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojn.2015.53023

Davis, L. W., Strasburger, A. M., & Brown, L. F. (2007). Mindfulness an intervention for anxiety in schizofrenia. Journal of Psychososial Nursing, 45, 23-29. https://doi.org/10.3928/02793695-20071101-06

Duncan, L. G., Coastworth, J. D., & Greenberg, M. T. (2009). A model of mindful parenting: implication for parent child relationship and prevention research. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 12(3), 255-270. doi: 10.1007/s10567-009-0046-3

Fatmawati, Widodo, G. G., & Wakhid, A. (2016). Kualitas hidup orang dengan HIV/AIDS (ODHA) berdasarkan quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF) di Kota Semarang. Stikes Ngudi Waluyo Ungaran, 38, 1-13.

Fendina, F., Nashori, H. F., & Sulistyarini, I. (2018). Efektivitas pelatihan meditasi pernapasan dalam menurunkan stres pada pendukung sebaya ODHA. Jurnal Psikologi Terapan, 6(1), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.14421/jpsi.v6i1.1470

Germer, C. K., Siegel, R. D., & Fulton, P. R. (2013). Mindfulness and psychotherapy. New York: The Guilford Publications

http://siha.depkes.go.id/portal/files_upload/Laporan_HIV_AIDS_TW_1_2017_rev.pdf (Diakses pada Rabu, 20 November 2019, Pukul 12:21)

Hariyanto, V.S., & Paramastri, I. (2018). Efektivitas pelatihan mindfulness untuk menurunkan ego depletion pada mahasiswa baru. Gadjah Mada Journal of Proffesional Psychology, 4(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.22146/gamajpp.45344

Hawari, D. (2006). Global effect HIV/AIDS dimensi psikoreligi. Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia. Jakarta.

Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions in context: Past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 144-156. https://doi.org/10.1093/clipsy.bpg016

Kerlinger, F. N. (2000). Asas-asas Penelitian Behavioral. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Martin, W., & Mardian, P. (2016). Pengaruh terapi meditasi terhadap perubahan tekanan darah pada lansia yang mengalami hipertensi. Jurnal Ipteks Terapan, 10(i4), 211-217. https://doi.org/10.22216/jit.2016.v10i4.468

Martini, H. (2015). Peningkatan kualitas hidup psikologis pasien diabetes mellitus tipe II dengan menggunakan pelatihan mindfulness. Tesis, tidak diterbitkan. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Islam Indonesia.

Merkes, M. (2010). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for people with chronic diseases. Australian Journal of Primary Health, 16(3), 200-210. https://doi.org/10.1071/PY09063

Mukhlis, H., & Koentjoro. (2015). Pelatihan kebersyukuran untuk menurunkan kecemasan menghadapi ujian nasional pada siswa SMA. Gadjah Mada Journal of Professional Psychology, 1(3), 203-215. http://dx.doi.org/10.22146/gamajpp.9395

Niazi, A. K., & Niazi, S. K. (2011). Mindfulness based stress reduction: a non pharmacological approach for chronic illnesses. North American Journal of Medical Sciences, 3(1), 20-23. https://doi.org/10.4297/najms.2011.320

Ortiz, A. (2014). Exercise for adults living with human immunodeficiency virus infection in the era of highly active antiretroviral theraphy. J Phys Med Rehabil, 2(4), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.4172/2329-9096.1000213

Pardita, D. P. Y., & Sudibia, I. K. (2014). Analisis dampak sosial, ekonomi, dan psikologis penderita HIV/AIDS di kota denpasar. Jurnal Buletin Studi Ekonomi, 19(2), 193-199. https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/bse/article/view/18814

Post, J. B., Jegede, A. B., Morin, K., Spungen, A. M., Langhoff, F., & Sano, M. (2010). Cognitive profile of chronic kidney disease and hemodialysis patients without dementia. Nephron Clin Pract, 116, 247-255. https://doi.org/10.1159/000317206

Rahakbauw, N. (2016). Dukungan keluarga terhadap kelangsungan hidup ODHA (Orang dengan HIV/AIDS). INSANI, 3(2), 64-82. https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/7j63d

Sagula, D., & Kenneth, R. G. (2004). The effectiveness of mindfulness training on the grieving process and emotional well-being of chronic pain patients. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 11 (4), 333-342. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JOCS.0000045353.78755.51

Seniati, L., Yulianto, A., Setiadi, B. N. (2009). Psikologi Eksperimen. Jakarta: PT Indeks.

Seppala, E. M., Nitschke, J. B., Tudorascu, D. L., Hayes, A., Goldstein, M. R., Nguyen, D. T. H., Perlman, D., & Davidson, R. J. (2014). Breathing-based meditation decreases posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in U.S military veterans: A randomized controlled longitudinal study. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 27(4), 397-405. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.21936

Simboh, F. K., Bidjuni, H., & Lolong, J. (2015). Hubungan dukungan keluarga bagi kualitas hidup orang dengan HIV/AIDS (ODHA) di klinik VCT RSU Bethesda GMIM Tomohon. eJournal Keperawatan (e-Kp), 3(2), 1-6. https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/jkp/article/view/8080

Schonert-Reichl, K. A., & Lawlor, M. S. (2010). The effects of a mindfulness based education program on pre- and early adolescents’ well-being and social and emotional competence. Mindfulness, 1(3), 137–151. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-010-0011-8

Widayati, N., & Murtaqib. (2016). Identifikasi status psikologis sebagai upaya pengembangan model rehabilitasi klien HIV/AIDS berbasis komunitas. NurseLine Journal, 1(1), 90-99. https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/NLJ/article/download/3834/2990/

Wijaya, Y. D. (2014). Pelatihan pengelolaan emosi dengan teknik mindfulness untuk menurunkan distress pada penyandang diabetes mellitus tipe 2 di puskesmas kebon jeruk Jakarta. Jurnal Psikologi, 12 (2). https://ejurnal.esaunggul.ac.id/index.php/psiko/article/view/1452/2355

World Health Organization. (1997). WHOQOL quality of life. Geneva: WHO

www.who.int/gho/hiv/en/ (Diakses pada Rabu, 20 November 2019, pPukul 12:07)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Ruang Jurnal,
Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Studi Agama,
UIN Imam Bonjol Padang
Jl. Mahmud Yunus No.6,Lubuk Lintah,
Kota Padang, Sumatra Barat
E-mail: jurnal-alqalb@uinib.ac.id

 


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.