Exploring the Influence of the Social Environment on the Use of Arabic in Higher Education: A Survey Research

Prayoga Saputra, Ifkar Rasyid, Aida Fitria, Rahmawati Rahmawati, Yondri Ahmadi

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi dan menganalisis pengaruh lingkungan sosial terhadap penggunaan Bahasa Arab di perguruan tinggi, dengan fokus khusus pada mahasiswa Bahasa Arab di UIN Imam Bonjol Padang. Latar belakang penelitian mencerminkan kompleksitas penggunaan Bahasa Arab di lingkungan akademis, dengan kendala utama seperti keterbatasan kosa kata, kurangnya dukungan lingkungan, dan kekurangan teman muhadasah. Metode penelitian menggunakan desain kuanti survei dengan instrumen pengumpulan data berupa angket. Sebanyak 20 responden dipilih dengan pertimbangan tertentu untuk mencakup variasi dalam pengalaman dan latar belakang mereka. Hasil survei menyoroti bahwa beberapa mahasiswa menghadapi kendala dalam penggunaan Bahasa Arab di perguruan tinggi. Keterbatasan kosa kata dan kurangnya dukungan lingkungan merupakan hambatan utama, sementara kurangnya teman muhadasah memperkuat pentingnya interaksi dalam Bahasa Arab di luar kelas. Meskipun demikian, sebagian besar responden merasa terdorong dan termotivasi oleh lingkungan sosial untuk menggunakan Bahasa Arab di konteks non-akademis. Kesimpulan ini memberikan dasar untuk merancang strategi pembelajaran dan menciptakan lingkungan yang mendukung, mempromosikan interaksi Bahasa Arab yang lebih intens, dan meningkatkan dukungan dari lingkungan sekitar. Dengan demikian, penelitian ini memberikan kontribusi pada pemahaman faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi penggunaan Bahasa Arab di perguruan tinggi, membuka jalan untuk pengembangan inisiatif yang lebih efektif dalam meningkatkan aktifitas penggunaan Bahasa Arab di lingkungan akademis tersebut.


Kata Kunci: Pembelajaran, bahasa Arab, Instragram, Teori Kontruktivisme..

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Sa’diyah, Halimatus, and Maman


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UPT Pengembangan Bahasa, Universitas Islam Negeri Imam Bonjol Padang Jl. M. Yunus No. 1, Lubuk Lintah, Kuranji. Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat 25153