Kontribusi Efikasi Diri dan Regulasi Diri Terhadap Pemaafan Diri Remaja yang Sedang Mengalami Masa Hukuman

Muhammad Syukri Siradjuddin, Zulaeni Esita


The stigma of society in adolescents who experience the process of punishment makes the situation of teenagers worse off. This feeling of sinking occurs because teenagers have not been able to apply self-forgiveness to themselves, thus making themselves feel guilty, and ashamed of themselves. This feeling of shame and guilt occurs because of poor self-efficacy and lack of self-regulation in the teenager. So that self-efficacy and self-regulation are considered very important in bringing up self-forgiveness. This study aims to see how big the contribution of self-efficacy and self-regulation variables to self-forgiveness of adolescents who are undergoing punishment (n=36). Collecting data using a scale of self-regulation, self-efficacy and self-forgiveness then analyzed using regression techniques. The results of the study found that self-efficacy and self-regulation can significantly contribute to adolescent self-forgiveness, this is indicated by the value of f=5.285, probability p=0.01 (p<0.05), and an effective contribution of 24.3%.


Self-efficacy, Self-Regulation, Self-Forgiveness

Full Text:


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15548/tajdid.v24i1.2663
Abstract views : 343 times
PDF : 280 times


Anugrah, A., & Margaretha, M. (2013). Regulasi Diri Mempengaruhi Perilaku Cyberloafing Yang Dimoderasi Oleh Berbagai Karakteristik Individual Mahasiswa Universitas Kristen Maranatha (Makalah). Retrieved from http://repository.maranatha.edu/4058/1/regulasi%20diri%20dan%20cyb erloafing.pdf, 14 April 2015.

Alwisol. (2009). Psikologi Kepribadian. Malang: UMM Press.

Arsal, Z. (2009). The effect of darries on self regulation strategies of preservice science teachers. International Journal of environmental and science education, 5, 85-103.

Azizli, N., Atkinson, B. E., Baughman, H. M., & Giammarco, E. A. (2015). Relationships between general self-efficacy, planning for the future, and life satisfaction. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 82, 58-60.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company.

Baumister, R. F., Gailliot, M., & DeWall, C. N. (2006). Self-Regulation and Personality: How Interventions Increase Regulatory Success, and How Depletion Moderates the Effects of Traits on Behavior.Journal of Personality, 6,1467-6494.

Baumister, R. F., & Heartherton, T. F.(1996). Self-Regulation failure: An overview. Psychological inquiry, 7(1), 1-15.

Breines, J. (2012, Juli).The Dangers of Self-Forgiveness—And How to Avoid Them, Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/in-love-and-war/201207/the-dangers-self-forgiveness-and-how-avoid-them.

Chairani, L and Subandi.(2010). Psikologi Santri Penghafal Al-Qur'an. Yogyakarta: Pustaka belajar.

Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. F. (1998). On the Self-Regulation of Behavior. Cambridge Uniersity Press: New York.

Cervone, D., & Pervin, L. A. (2012). Kepribadian: Teori dan Penelitan (A. Tusyani, E. R. Manula, L. S. Sembiring, P. G. Gayatri, & P. Nurdina, trans.). Jakarta: Salemba Humanika. (Naskah asli diterbitkan tahun 2008).

Davis, D. E., Ho, M. Y., Griffin, B. J., Bell, C., Hook, J. N., Tongeren, R., V., & ... Westbrook, C. J. (2015). Forgiving the self and physical and mental health correlates: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 62, 329-335. https://doi.org/10.1037/cou0000063

Griffin, B. G., Worthington Jr., E. L., Lavelock, C. R., Greer, C. L., Yin, L., Davis, D. E., & Hook, J. N. (2015). Efficacy of a self-forgiveness workbook: A randomized controlled trial with interpersonal offenders. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 62, 124-136. https://doi.org/10.1037/cou0000060

Kurniawan, D.(2015).Kenakalan remaja 135 anak tersandung hukum. retrieved form http://www.harianjogja.com/baca/2015/01/08/kenakalan-remaja-135-anak-tersandung-kasus-hukum-566123.

Law, K. C., & Chapman, A. L. (2014). Borderline personality features as a potential moderator of the effect of anger and depressive rumination on shame, self-blame, and self-forgiveness. Journal of Behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry, 46, 27-34.

Law, K. C., & Chapman, A. L. (2015). Borderline personality features as a potential moderator of the effect of anger and depressive rumination on shame, self-blame, and self-forgiveness. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 46, 27-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2014.07.008

Linley, P. A., & Joseph, S. (2004). Positive psychology in practice. Jhon Wiley & Sons.

Mauger, P. A., Perry, J. E., Freeman, T., Grove, D. C., McBride, A. G., & McKinney, K. E. (1992). The measurement of forgiveness: Preliminary research. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 11, 170–180.

McConnell, J. M. (2009). Confirming A Model Of Self-Forgiveness (unpublished thesis). Ball State University, Indiana, Munchie.

Neal, D.J & Carey, K.B.(2005). A Follow-up psychometric analysis of the self-regulation Questionnaire. Psychology of Addective Behaviors, 19(4), 414-422.

Ostaman, C. (2012, Februari). Re: The First Step in Moving Forward Is Self Forgiveness [Web log massage]. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/second-wind/201202/the-first-step-in-moving-forward-is-self-forgiveness.

Park, S & Park K, S.(2014). Review Article Family Stigma: A Concept Analysis. Asian nursing Research (8), 165-171

Ridhoni, F. (2013). Metode tukar penglaman untuk meningkatkan efikasi diri pada pecandu narkoba. Jurnal Sains Dan Praktik Psikologi, 1(3), 226-239.

Ross, T. (2008). Current issues in self-regulation research and their significance for theraupeutic intervention in offender group. International Journal of Behavioral, 4(1), 68-81.

Ross, S. R., Kendall, A. C., Matters, K. G., Wrobel, T. A., & Rye, M. S. (2004). A personological examination of self- and other-forgiveness in the five factor model. Journal of Personality Assessment, 82, 207-214.

Salkind, N. J. (2009). Teori-Teori perkembangan manusia. (M. Khozim, Trans). Bandung: Nusa Media. (Naskah asli diterbitkan tahun 2004).

Schwarzer, R. (2014, Mei). Everything you wanted to know about the general self-efficacy scale but were afraid to ask. Retrieved from http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/~health/faq_gse.pdf.

Susanto, H.(2006). Mengembangkan Kemampuan Self-Regulation untuk Meningkatkan Keberhasilan Akademik Siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Penabur, 07, 64-71.

Syah, A. (2014, Februari 8). Re: Rasa salah, Rasa Malu, Dan Pemaafan Diri [Web log massage]. Retrieved from http://katamando.blogspot.com/2014/08/rasa-salah-rasa-malu-dan-pemaafan-diri.html#.VPQYbvmUeno.

Squires, E. C., Sztainert, T., Gillen, N.R., Caouette, J., & Wohl, M.J. (2011). The Problem with Self-Forgiveness: Forgiving the self Deters Readiness to change among gamblers. Journal of gambling studies, 28, 337-350.

Terzino, K, A. (2010). Self-forgiveness for interpersonal and intrapersonal transgressions (Dissertation unpublished). Psychology Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

Toussaint, L., Barry, M., Angus, D., Bornfriend, L., & Markman, M. (2017). Self-forgiveness is associated with reduced psychological distress in cancer patients and unmatched caregivers: Hope and self blame as mediating mechanisms. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 35, 544-560. https://doi.org/10.1080/07347332.2017.1309615.

Wenzel, M., Woodyatt, L. & Hedrick, K. (2012). No genuine self-forgiveness without accepting responsibility: Value reaffirmation as a key to maintaining positive self-regard. European Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 617-627. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.1873

Wilson, T., Milosovic, A., Carrol, M., Hart, K., & Hibbard, S. (2008). Physical Health Status in Relation to Self-forgiveness and Other-forgiveness in Healthy College Students. Journal of Health psychology, 13(6), 798-803.

Woodyatt, L., & Wenzel, M. (2013). The psychological immune response in the face of transgressions: Pseudo self-forgiveness and threat to belonging.

Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 951–958.

Zimmerman, B. J.(2008). Investegating self-Regulation and motivation: Historical backkground, methodological development, and future prospects. American Educational Journal, 45(1), 166-183.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Fakultas Ushuluddin Dan Studi Agama, UIN Imam Bonjol Padang
Jl. Prof. Mahmud Yunus No.1, Lubuk Lintah, Kuranji. 
Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat, 25153
Handphone: +62 8126615808
E-mail: tajdid@uinib.ac.id