Kontekstualisme Awal: Tafsir Khalīfah ‘Umar Bin Al-Khaṭṭāb dari Studi Historis Sampai Langkah Metodologis

Althaf Husein Muzakky

Abstract


The study of Umar Bin al-Khaṭṭāb is often studied as the second caliph of Islam, but the role of Umar Bin al-Khaṭṭāb in contextual interpretation is enormous. This paper aims to examine the historical and methodological understanding of early contextualism in the world of al-Qur'an interpretation. through the study of the epistemology of Abid al-Jabiri approach, this research resulted in two conclusions. first, history, the contextual interpretation of the Koran has developed even since the time of the caliph 'Umar Bin al-Khaṭṭāb. Second, the method of contextual interpretation of the friend 'Umar Bin al-Khaṭṭāb is to dialogue between text and context, prioritizing benefit and being objective.


Keywords


Tafsir, Contextual, 'Umar Bin al-Khaṭṭāb

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15548/tajdid.v24i2.2935
Abstract views : 224 times
PDF : 132 times

References


Abduh, Muhammad. dan Riḍa, Rasyid. 1998. Tafsīr Al-Manār. Beirut. Dār Al-Fikr. J. 1.

Abu Abdullah Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ḥanbal Al-Syaibāni, Musnad Imam Aḥmad, (Beirut: Dār Al-Turāṡ, 1993), J. 2, H.226. Abī ‘Isa Muḥammad Al-Tirmiżī, Sunan Al-Tirmiżī, (Beirut: Dār Al-Fikr, 1991), H. 128.

Abu Abdullah Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ḥanbal Al-Syaibāni, Musnad Imam Aḥmad, (Beirut: Dār Al-Turāṡ, 1993), J. 1, H.385. Abī ‘Isa Muḥammad Al-Tirmiżī, Sunan Al-Tirmiżī, (Beirut: Dār Al-Fikr, 1991), H. 234.

Al-Bukhāri, Muhammad Ibn Ismā’il. 1987. Al-Jāmi’ Al-Shāhih. Beirut. Dār Al-Sya’ab. 1987. J. 2.

Al-Dārimi, Abū Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdurrahman Ibn Al-Faḍl Ibn Bahrām Al-Tamīmī. 1996. Sunan Al-Dārimi. Beirut. Dār Al-Kutub Al-‘Alamiyyah. J. 2.

Al-Ghazali, Muhammad. 2010. Kaif Na’amal Ma’al Qur’ān. Mesir. Nahdlah Mishr.

Al-Jabiri, Muhammad Abed. 1990. Bunyah Al-’Aql Al-’Arabi. Beirut. Markaz Dirasat Al-Wihdah Al-’Arabiyah.

Al-Jabirī, Muhammad Abed. 2009. Democracy, Human Rights And Law In Islamic Thought. New York. I.B. Tauris.

Al-Maghlout, Sami Bin Abdullah. 2014. Jejak Khulafaur Rasul Umar Bin Khattab. Jakarta. Almahira.

Al-Naisaburi, Muslim Ibn Al-Hajjaj Abu Al-Husain Al-Qusyairi. 1998. Ṣahih Muslim .Beirut. Dār Al-Kutub Al-’Alamiyyah.

Al-Suyuthi, Imam Jalāl Al-Dīn. 2010. Tarikh Khulafa’. Jakarta. Pustaka Al-Kautsar.

Al-Tirmiżī, Abī ‘Isa Muḥammad. 1991. Sunan Al-Tirmiżī. Beirut. Dār Al-Fikr.

Amin, Ahmad. Safri, Edi. dan Hakim, Luqmanul. 2020. “Hadis dan Politik: Kebijakan Taqlīl al-Riwāyah Pada Masa Abu Bakar al-Shiddiq Dan Umar Bin al-Khaṭṭāb,” Mashdar: Jurnal Studi Al-Qur’an Dan Hadis. Vol. 2. No. 1.

Anshori, Muhammad. 2020. “Geneologi Hermeneutika Hukum Islam (Fikih Kontekstual ‘Umar Bin Al-Khaṭṭāb),” Asy Syar’iyyah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari’ah Dan Perbankan Islam. Vol.5. No. 1.

Anwar. Hamdani. 2002. “Masa Al-Khulafa Ar -Rasyidin”, dalam M. Din Syamsuddin, Ensiklopedi Tematis Dunia Islam, Vol. II. Jakarta. Pt. Ichtiar Baru Van Hoeve.

Arkoun, Mohammed. dan Hidayatullah. 1998. Kajian Kontemporer Al-Qur’an. Yogyakarta. Penerbit Pustaka.

Ash-Shalabi, Muhammad. 2008. The Great Leader Of Umar Bin Al-Khathab, Terj. Khoirul Amru Harahap Dan Akhmad Faozan. Jakarta. Pustaka Al-Kautsar.

Audah, Jasseer. 2008. Membumikan Hukum Islam Melalui Maqashid Al-Syariah Terj. Rasidin Dan Ali Abdul Mun`im. Bandung. Mizan.

Bahauddin. 2001. Sejarah Dan Kebudayaan Islam. Jakarta. Kalam Mulia.

Baltaji, Muhammad. 1427. Manhaj ‘Umar Bin Al-Khaṭṭāb Fī Al-Tasyrī’. Cairo. Dār Al-Salām.

Baltaji. Muhammad. 2006. Manhaj ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khaṭṭāb Fi Tasyrī’. Kairo. Dār Al-Salām.

Berger, Peter L. Dan Luckman, Thomas. 1991. The Social Construction Of Reality: A Treatise In The Sociology Of Knowledge. London. Penguin.

Haleem, Muhammad Abdel. 2014. The Qur’an: A Modern Translation Oxford. Oxford University Press.

Hanafi, Hasan. 2010. Hermeneutika Al-Qur’an, Terj. Yudian Wahyudi. Yogyakarta.‎ Pesantren Nawesea.

Harddian, Rahmad. 2018. “Mencari Independensi Islami Bagi Auditor Dari Tarikh Umar Bin Khattab Ra Melalui Qiyas,” Jurnal Ekuivalensi 4, No. 2.

Harddian, Rahmad. Triyuwono, Iwan. dan Mulawarman, Aji Dedi. 2017. “Biografi Umar Bin Khattab Ra: Sebuah Analogi Bagi Independensi Auditor,” Imanensi: Jurnal Ekonomi, Manajemen, Dan Akuntansi Islam. Vol. 2. No. 2.

Hasan, Hasan Ibrahim. 1965. Tarikh Islamy : Al-Syiyasah Wa Al-Din Wa Tsaqafy Wal Ijima’iy. Kairo. Maktabah Nahdah Al-Misriyah.

Hitti. Philip K. 2008. History Of The Arab, Terj. R.Cecep Lukman Yasin Dan Dedi Slamet Riyadi, Edisi Revisi. Jakarta. Serambi Limu Semesta.

Ibn Āsyūr, Muhammad Ṭāhir. 2006. Al-Taḥrīr Wa Al-Tanwīr. Beirut. Dār Al-Fikr. J. 1.

Ibn Ḥanbal Al-Syaibāni, Abu Abdullah Ahmad Ibn Muhammad. 1993. Musnad Imam Aḥmad. Beirut. Dār Al-Turāṡ. J. 5.

Ismail, M. Syuhudi. 1987. Hadis Nabi Yang Kontekstualis Dan Kontekstualis Telaah Ma’ani Al-Hadits Tentang Ajaran Islam Yang Universal, Temporal, Dan Lokal. Jakarta. Bulan Bintang.

Kuntowijoyo, 2003. Metodologi Sejarah. Jogyakarta. Tiara Wancana Yogya.

Marwah. 2018.“UMAR BIN KHATTAB : Potret Keteladanan Sang Pemimpin Umat,” AL-TADABBUR. Vol. 4. No. 2.

Misrawi, Zuhairi. 2009. Madinah Kota Suci, Piagam Madinah, Dan Teladan Muhammad Saw. Jakarta. Kompas Media Nusantara.

Muḥammad Nawawi Ibn ‘Umar Al-Jāwi, Naṣāiḥ Al-‘Ibād, (Semarang: Taha Putra, 2008), H. 8.

Munif, Ahmad. 2012. “Analisis Pendapat Khalifah Umar Bin Khattab Tentang Penundaan Penarikan Zakat Binatang Ternak Kambing Yang Telah Mencapai Nisab,” Muqtasid: Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Perbankan Syariah. Vol. 3. No. 2.

Mursi, Muhammad Sa’id. 2013. Tokoh-Tokoh Besar Islam Sepanjang Sejarah. Jakarta. Pustaka Al-Kautsar.

Mustaqim. Abdul. 2014. Dinamika Sejarah Tafsir Al-Qur’an. Yogyakarta. Adab Press.

Musthafa, Murad, 2009. Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, Terj. Ahmad Ginanjar Sya’ban Dan Lulu M.Sunman. Jakarta. Zaman.

Muzakky, Althaf Husein. Atieq, Muhammad Qoes. dan Jamaluddin. 2020. “Menjadi Mukmin Sejati Prespektif Al-Qur’an: Telaah Tafsir Jalālain,” Mashdar: Jurnal Studi Al-Qur’an Dan Hadis. Vol. 2. No. 1.

Qudsy, Saifuddin Zuhri. 2013. “Umar Bin Abdul Aziz Dan Semangat Penulisan Hadis,” Esensia: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin. Vol. 14. No. 2.

Rahman, Fazlur. 1980. Major Themes Of The Qur’an. Chicago. Bibliotheca Islamica.

Ridho, M. 2005. Al-Faruq Umar Bin Khattab. Beirut. Darul Fikr.

Riza, Muhammad. 2017. “Maqashid Syariah Dalam Penerapan Pajak Kharaj Pada Masa Umar Bin Khattab Ra,” J-Ebis (Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Bisnis Islam).

Sa’d, Ibn. 1968. Al-Tabāqah Al-Kubra. Beirut. Dār Ṣādir. J. 1.

Ṣabbā, Ibn. 1998. Tarikh Al-Madīnah Al-Munawwarah. Beirut. Dār Al-Kutub Al-‘Ilmiyyah. J. 2.

Saeed, Abdullah. 2014. Reading The Qur’an In The Twenty-First Century A Contextualist Approach. New York. Routledge.

______________. 2014. Al-Qur’an Abad 21: Tafsir Kontekstual. Bandung.Mizan Pustaka.

Sunanto, Musrifah. 2004. Sejarah Islam Klasik. Jakarta. Prenada Media.

Supriyadi, Dedi. 2008. Sejarah Peradaban Islam. Bandung. Pustaka Setia.

Supriyadi, Dedi. 2008. Sejarah Peradaban Islam. Bandung. Pustaka Setia.

Syefriyeni. 2019. “Relativisme Etika Keyakinan Moral: Sebuah Ijtihad Etik Umar Bin Khattab,” Intizar. Vol. 25. No. 2.

Wahidah. 2011. “Peradaban Islam Di Masa Pemerintahan Umar Bin Khattab,” Ittihad: Jurnal Ilmiah Keagamaan, Pendidikan Dan Kemasyarakatan Vol. 9. No. 16.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Fakultas Ushuluddin Dan Studi Agama, UIN Imam Bonjol Padang
Jl. Prof. Mahmud Yunus No.1, Lubuk Lintah, Kuranji. 
Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat, 25153
Handphone: +62 8126615808
E-mail: tajdid@uinib.ac.id

 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

akun pro jepangsantuy4dkkn777data chinaslot pulsahttps://ti.adzkia.ac.id/vendor/clue/hacslot/akun pro kambojapaito warna sgpslot deposit pulsasantuy4dslot gacor 777prediksi hkslot pulsatogel sgphttps://surabaya.telkomuniversity.ac.id/wp-content/products/lagiterbaru/https://karir.ittelkom-sby.ac.id/stocks/https://surabaya.telkomuniversity.ac.id/wp-content/products/lagigacor/https://el.ubharajaya.ac.id/lib/okegacor/https://elearning.metrouniv.ac.id/syariah/course/slot777/https://elearningpps.unimed.ac.id/cache/cobadana/https://disnakbun.rokanhulukab.go.id/togelsini/macaukece/https://sandbox.telkomuniversity.ac.id/jobe/depopulsa/https://elearningpps.unimed.ac.id/cache/cobahong/https://digilib.unila.ac.id/77998/4/index.htmlslot gacorbet88https://pajak.bpkad.jatengprov.go.id/assets/vipthailand/https://conference.univpancasila.ac.id/plugins/malamini/https://learning.poltekkesjogja.ac.id/lib/pulsaceban/https://poltekpelsumbar.ac.id/assets/css/slothoki/https://elearning.metrouniv.ac.id/syariah/contentbank/templates/lpsantuy/ https://conference.univpancasila.ac.id/plugins/prokambo/https://learning.poltekkesjogja.ac.id/lib/juaraslot/jasasensaslot gacor malam inijasasensarobopragmahttps://spadav2.unikal.ac.id/pix/demonew/