From Feeling Threatened to Conservative Turn: Challanges toward Promoting Moderate Islam through New Media

Yahya Fathur Rozy


Abstract : The notion that Islam in Indonesia is “Islam with a smiling face” seems to have started to be reviewed. That nickname was popular in Indonesia in the 1700s to 1800s. However, since the collapse of the New Order (Orde Baru), the face of Islam in Indonesia has rapidly changed. It has turned gloomy and full of anger marked by the growth of discourses of religious conservatism and fundamentalism. This phenomenon is called a “conservative turn”. All this has resulted in the eroding of moderate Islamic discourse. Two of the largest Islamic organizations in Indonesia, NU and Muhammadiyah, to stem the conservative turn trend, still continue trying to spread the idea of moderate Islam in various ways despite challenges, criticism, and obstacles. Using the feeling threatened theoretical framework and virtual ethnographic method, this research wants to focus on IBTimes.ID's (online media affiliated to Muhammadiyah) efforts to moderate and reconcile conflicts and tensions between Sunnis and Shia in Indonesia. This research seeks to answer questions about: (1) What obstacles did IBTimes.ID experience when conducting a moderate Islam campaign? (2) How can feeling threatened that led to conservative turn become the big challenges for campaign of religious moderation by IBTimes.ID?


Conservative Turn; Feeling Threatened; IBTimes.ID; New Media

Full Text:


Abstract views : 103 times
PDF : 203 times


Ahmad Najib Burhani. (2018). Plural Islam and Contestation of Religious Authority in Indonesia. In N. Saat (Ed.), Islam in Southeast Asia: Negotiating Modernity. ISEAS Publishing.

Akmaliah, W. (2020). The demise of moderate Islam: New media, contestation, and reclaiming religious authorities. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 10(1), 1–24.

Akmaliah, W. (2022). RECLAIMING MODERATE ISLAM IN NAHDLATUL ULAMA Challenging the Dominant Religious Authority in Digital Platform. Journal of Indonesian Islam, 16(1), 223–248.

Anggun Nugroho Saputro. (2021). Memahami Persoalan Islam Suni dan Islam Syiah. IBTimes.ID.

Aprilyawati, F. D. (2022). Strategi komunikasi media Islam Alif . id dan IBTimes . id dalam penyebaran paham moderasi. 7(1), 35–52.

Benedict Anderson. (1991). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. Verso.

Bruinessan, M. Van. (2013). IntroductIon: contemporary developments In IndonesIan Islam and the “conservatIve turn” of the early twenty-fIrst century. In M. Van Bruinessan (Ed.), Contemporary Developments in Indonesia Islam Explaining the “Conservative Turn” (1st ed.). ISEAS Publishing.

Dale F. Eickelman, J. W. A. (2003). Redefining Muslim Publicsitle. Indiana University Press.

Elihu Katz & Jay G. Blumler. (n.d.). Uses and Gratifications. In The Public Opinion Quarterly (Vol. 37, Issue 4).

Gita Filosa Rukmono, J. F. (2019). IBTimes: Muhammadiyah Younger Generation"s Adaptation to New Media Usage in The Digital Era. HICOSPOS.

Hannah Arendt. (1973). The Origins of Totalitarianism. Schocken Books.

Jubba, H., Awang, J., & Sungkilang, S. A. (2021). The Challenges of Islamic Organisations in Promoting Moderation in Indonesia.

Kouchaki, M. (2015). Anxious, Threatened, and Also Unethical: How Anxiety Makes Individuals Feel...: EBSCOhost. 100(2), 360–375.

Lim, M. (2017). Freedom to hate : social media , algorithmic enclaves , and the rise of tribal nationalism in Indonesia. Critical Asian Studies, 0(0), 1–17.

Martin Van Bruinessen. (2011). What happened to the smiling face of Indonesian Islam ? Muslim intellectualism and the conservative turn in post-Suharto. January.

Merlyna Lim. (2015). Many Clicks but Little Sticks: Social Media Activism in Indonesia. In P. P. S. Nishant Shah & and S. Chattapadhyay (Eds.), Digital Activism in Asia Reader. Meson press.

Mujiburrahman. (2006a). Feeling Threatened: Muslim-Christian Relations in Indonesia’s New Order. Amsterdam University Press.

Mujiburrahman. (2006b). Feeling Threatened. Muslim-Christian Relation in Indonesia’s New Order. Amsterdam University Press.

Prajarto, N. (2018). Netizen dan Infotainment: Studi Etnografi Virtual pada Akun Instagram @lambe_turah. Jurnal ILMU KOMUNIKASI, 15(1), 33–46.


Thoyibi, M., & Khisbiyah, Y. (2018). Kontestasi Wacana Keislaman di Dunia Maya. Pusat Studi Budaya dan Perubahan Sosial Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Widyadara, R. T. (2015). Konflik Sunni-Syiah Di Indonesia. Religi, XI(2), 109–124.

Yusuf Rohmat Yanuri. (2021). Konflik Suni Syiah itu Warisan Politik Arab 14 Abad Silam. IBTiimes.ID.

Zuhdi, M. (2018). Challenging Moderate Muslims : Indonesia ’ s Muslim Schools in the Midst of Religious Conservatism. Zuhdi 2006.

Zun Uswatun Hasanah. (2022). Narasi moderasi beragama di ruang digital: telaah portal perspektif teori framing robert n. entman. UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Fakultas Ushuluddin Dan Studi Agama, UIN Imam Bonjol Padang
Jl. Prof. Mahmud Yunus No.1, Lubuk Lintah, Kuranji. 
Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat, 25153
Handphone: +62 8126615808


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



robopragmaslot server thailandakun pro jepangsv388santuy4dkkn777data chinaslot gacor hari iniidnslot draw taiwanpaito warna sgpslot pulsaslot777