Sufism Amid Social Turmoil: The Transformation Of Sufi Orders In The Socio-Political Development Of Indonesia

Annisa Wahid

Abstract


Sufism, especially the tarekat in Indonesia, has undergone dynamic development throughout its long history. Initially, Sufism aimed to lead individuals towards personal piety and a closer connection to the one God, as a response and critique of the widespread deviations based on social-political conditions by the authorities. Over time, it evolved into a social-political force and a supporter of economic empowerment to oppose tyrannical authorities. This study aims to explore the role of tarekat in the socio-political dynamics of Indonesia, from its formation as a unitary state to modern times. The study employs a descriptive qualitative method using a historical approach, drawing from various library data and references that discuss the involvement of tarekat and its role in shaping the character of the ummah, dealing with colonialism, tyranny, and improving the quality of life in society, nation, and state. The theory of social change is used as the framework for this research. The results show that sufism is not considered static and conservative but plays a dynamic role in the development of the world, including Indonesia.

Keywords


Sufism; Transformation of Sufi Orders; The Social-Political Development of Indonesia.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15548/tajdid.v26i2.7096
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