PERLAWANAN ULAMA MINANGKABAU TERHADAP KEBIJAKAN KOLONIAL DI BIDANG PENDIDIKAN AWAL ABAD XX

Erman Erman

Abstract


The resistance of Minangkabau’s scholars against colonial policy of education in the early of 20th century
started from a scientific study has revealed that the pre-conditions that led to the birth of the movement is the
penetration of the colonial government against the people in this area and plan the implementation of policies
in the field of education, namely Ordinance 1928 and teachers’ Ordinance in 1932. This historical experience
was seen by scholars Minangkabau might impede the freedom and the rights to broadcast the Islamic religion.
Various reactions appeared and Islamic ideology seems to be the main driving to oppose colonial rule related
teachers’ ordinancy and illegal schools. The spirit of nationalism that was born at the beginning of the 20th
century were also encouraged scholars to take the fight against the colonial policy. In line with this goal, the
scholars utilizing the network that has been built on Islamic educational institutions in the past to build a
resource (strength) and then to form a committee as institutional resistance. Resistance itself they did in the
form of protests by the general meeting of Minangkabau’s scholars and then proceed with the delivery of vote
of no confidence to the colonial government. The resistance impacted the emerging alliance of young and old
scholars, the birth of a radical political party in Minangkabau and the pressure of the colonial government

Keywords


esistance, Minangkabau’s Ulema, Colonial, Education

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15548/turast.v5i1.371
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