BUILDING HARMONY AND PEACE THROUGH RELIGIOUS EDUCATION; Social Prejudice and Rebeliance Behavior of Students in Modern Islamic Boarding School Gontor Darussalam, East Java

Reza Fahmi Haji Abdurrachim

Abstract


Penelitian ini berangkat dari fakta bahwa, pondok pesantren selalunya dikaitkan dan bahkan diidentikan
dengan berbagai bentuk pemikiran ekstrim dan tindakan radikal atas nama agama. Sehingga banyak
kalangan ditengah-tengah masyarakat yang memiliki prasangka sosial terhadap keberadaan pondok pesantren.
Sungguhpun demikian penelitian ini bertuujuan melihat hubungan antara prasangka sosial dan prilaku
memberontak di kalangan santri Pondok Pesantren Modern Gontor Darussalam (PMDG) di Jawa Timur.
Tiga teori yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah : (1) Teori prasangka soosial. (2) Teori pemberontakan
(khususnya dalam konteks remaja) mengingat para santri umumnya tergolong dalam kategori remaja. Populasi
penelitian ini sebanyak 2067 orang santri. Sungguh demikian sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 335
orang. Adapun formula yang digunakan untuk mengukur besaran ukuran sampel adalah : n = N/1+e
.
Penarikan sampel dilakukan menggunakan simple stratified random sampling. Adapun teknik pengumpulan
data dilakukan dengan skala psikologi dan kuesioner serta studi dokumentasi. Semenatara teknik analisa data
dengan menggunakan pearson correlation (product momment) untuk melihat hubungan antara variabel.
Hasil penelitian ini mendapati tidak adanya hubungan yang signifikan antara prasangka sosial dan prilaku
memberontak dikalnagan para santri di ponpes PMDG. Hal ini dibuktikan melalui perolehan nilai r
= 0.328. dan t
= 1,64 serta p (value) = 0.90 > 0.05.


Keywords


Prasangka Sosial, Prilaku Memberontak, Pondok Pesantren Moderen Darussalam Gontor dan Santri.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15548/turast.v3i1.374
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