Menstrual Taboo; Menguji Wasathiyatul Islam Pada Menstruasi

Syahrul Rahman, Hamdani Hamdani

Abstract


Al-Quran gives a firm statement about Muslims as ummatan wasathan which interpreted as the best people or middle people. Al-Quran scholar state that the term of wasathan in al-Baqarah verse 143 applies to all aspect of life, including the aspects of faith, law, worship and others. Based on this verse,  moderate Islamic concept is presented, it's just this term is often used to assess religious understanding within the body of Islam itself, while the row of verses talks about the mystical conflicts of the companions of the Prophet after hearing the comments of the Jews and Christians regarding the movement Qibla direction of Muslims. There was a shift in the use of term wasathiyah in Indonesia from a comparison between people (religion) to a comparison of religious understanding in Islam its self. The approach method used in this article is an interpretive approach This article aims to examine the modernity of Islam in the legal aspects of menstruation compared to Judaism and Christianity. These three religious teachings see women who are menstruating should be kept away, it's just there are significant differences in its application. Some make a menstruation women kept away physically like Jews and Christianity. Some others avoid it in the sense they are not justified to perform ritual worship like Islam. This research proves that the teachings of Islam are lighter / more moderate in viewing women who are menstruating compared to Judaism and Christianity and at the same time this confirms the interpretation of scholars towards the word wasathiyah applies to all aspects of life including menstruation.


Keywords


Menstruation, Moderat, Islam, Wasathiyah

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15548/ju.v9i2.1679
Abstract views : 103 times
PDF : 95 times

References


al-Biqa’i, Burhanuddin Abi al-Hasan Ibrahim bin Umar, Nazm al-Durar fi Tanasub al-Ayat wa al-Suar, (al-Qahirah: Dar al-Kitab al-Islamy, Jilid 2

Al-Turtury, Husein Muthawi’, Wasathiyatul Islam fi Yusri Ahkamihi, 2014

Amir, Majidah, Mausu’ah al-Marah fi Syari’ah al-Islamiyah, Jilid I, Mesir: New Vision, 2009

Andriani, Asna, Pendekatan Gender dalam Studi Quran, dalam Al-Tsiqoh; Islamic Economy and Da’wa Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3. 2017

As-Sa’di, Abdurrahman ibn Nashir, Taysir al-karim al-Rahman fi Tafsir Kalam al-Mannan, Riyadh: Dar as-Salam, 2002

Bhartiya, A. (2013). Menstruation, religion and society. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 3(6), 523.

Bhartiya, Aru, Menstruation, Religion, and Society, dalam International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, Vol. 3, No. 6, November 2013

Daher, Muhammad Hassan Ali, The Quranic Miraculousness Between Nation Moderation and Meccas’s Moderation, Majallah Kuliayat al-Imam al-A’zham, 2019

Darwazah, Muhammad ‘Izzah, Al-Tafsir al-Hadis, Jilid VII. Kairo: Dar al-Ihya al-Kutub al-Arabiyah. 1962

Guterman, M, P Mehta, M Gibbs, Menstrual Taboos Among Major Religions. The Internet Journal of World Health and Societal Politics, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2007

Guterman, M., Mehta, P., & Gibbs, M. (2008). Menstrual taboos among major religions. The Internet Journal of World Health and Societal Politics, 5(2), 2.

Haq, Ilfa Harfiatul, Kesetaraan Gender dalam Perspektif Islam, dalam Jurnal Tazkir: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu-ilmu Sosial dan Keislaman, Vol. 05, No. 1 Juni 2019

Kaundal, Manju, Bhopesh Thakur, A Dialogue on Menstrual Taboo, dalam Indian Journal of Community Health, Vol. 26. No. 02, 2014

Khalaf , Najm Abdur Rahman dan Sajidah Helmi Samarah, Wasathiyatul Islam fi al-Ta’amul Baina al-Hakim wa al-Mahkum, Jurnal Ma’alim al-Quran wa as-Sunnah, Majallah al- Muhakkamah, Vol. 9, No. 10. 2014

Lestari, Lenni, Mentrual Taboo dan Kontrol Sosial Perempuan Menurut Muhammad ‘Izzah Darwazah; Studi Intertekstual Terhadap Al-Quran dan Bibel, Jurnal Suhuf, Vol. 8, No. 2, Juni 2015

Munawwar, Akhmad, Pemikiran Akidah Moderat di Nusantara Abad ke-19 dalam Naskah Qawa’id Fawáid fi Má Lá Budda Min Al-‘Aqá’id, dalam Jurnal Lektur Keagamaan, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2014

Phipps, William E, The Menstrual Taboo in the Judeo-Cristrian Tradition, dalam Journal of Religion and Health, Vol. 19, No. 4, Winter 1980

Putra, Ali Musri Semjan, Perda Syariah dalam Tinjauan Konstitusi, Fakta Sejarah dan Aqidah Islam, dalam al-Majalis Journal Dirasat Islamiyah, Vo. 6, No. 2, 2019

Rafique, Rehan, Islam: Extremism and Moderation, dalam Jurnal HiPo, Vol. 1 March 2018

Ramlee, Roslily, dkk, Are Muslims Practising Moderation in Theis Financial Decisions? Dalam Asian Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 24, 2019

Shihab, M. Quraish, Tafsir Al-Misbah ; Pesan, Kesan, dan Keserasian al-Quran. (Jakarta: Lentera Hati. Cet. V, 2012)

Sumartini, T. (2007). Siklus dan Terjadinya Menstruasi Serta Pandangan Islam di Dalamnya. Musãwa Jurnal Studi Gender dan Islam, 5(1), 103-121.

Syukur, Suparman, Islam Radikal VS Islam Rahmah Kasus Indonesia, dalam Jurnal Teologia, Vol. 23, No. 1, 2012

Tim Penyusun Kementerian Agama RI, Moderasi Beragama, Jakarta; Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI, 2019

Umar, Ahmad Rizky Mardhatillah, Melacak Akar Radikalisme Islam di Indonesia, dalam Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Vol. 14, No. 2 2010

www.sabda.org/sabdaweb/bible/chapter/?b=3&c=15


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Prodi Ilmu Al-Qur`an dan Tafsir, Fakultas Ushuluddin Dan Studi Agama, UIN Imam Bonjol Padang
Jl. Prof. Mahmud Yunus No.1, Lubuk Lintah, Kuranji. 
Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat, 25153
Handphone: +62 8126615808
E-mail: jurnal-ulunnuha@uinib.ac.id



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.