Syi’ah dan Tafsir al-Mīzān fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān karya Muḥammad Ḥusein al-Ṭabātabā’ī

Anshori Anshori

Abstract


This paper examines the interpretation of Muhammad Husein al-Tabataba’i on QS. al-Zumar (39): 65 and QS. al-Baqarah (2): 136 in his commentary, al-Mizan fi Tafsir al-Qur’an. This study aims to show that there is a side of moderation in the interpretation of al-Ṭabataba'i which leads to the Sunni meaning, in this case, the interpretation of monotheism. The research method used in this study is descriptive analysis, which is to collect related data and then analyze it. The data analysis used refers to what is offered by Huberman & Miles, namely, data reduction, data presentation, and conclusions or verification. The results of this study indicate that the interpretation of al-Ṭabataba'i on QS. al-Zumar (39): 65 and QS. al-Baqarah (2): 136 is different from the interpretation of the Shiites, in this case, the interpretation of al-Kulaini. Al-Ṭabataba'i interprets the word shirk in QS. al-Zumar (39): 65 by associating partners with Allah as is the case with the Sunnis, not associating partners with the Imams, as interpreted by al-Kulaini. Then also interpret the word of God "qulu amanna billah ..." in QS. al-Baqarah (2) 136 by witnessing faith in Allah and also in the Prophets, differs from the interpretation of al-Kulaini which explains that what is meant by "believing in what Allah has sent down" is believing in Ali, Fatima, Hasan, Husein, and the Imams after them.


Keywords


Al-Tabataba’i, Tafsir al-Mizan fi Tafsir al-Qur’an, Syi’ah

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15548/ju.v11i1.1906
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Prodi Ilmu Al-Qur`an dan Tafsir, Fakultas Ushuluddin Dan Studi Agama, UIN Imam Bonjol Padang
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