NEGARA DAN KEBIJAKAN DISKRIMINASI: POLA KEBIJAKAN NEGARA DALAM MENGAKOMODIR AGAMA-AGAMA LOKAL DI INDONESIA

Zaenuddin Zaenuddin

Abstract


This article aims to analyse and describe how the policy made by the state in terms of local religions, especially in the context of civil rights services such as administration document management. By using the library research method, this article aims to explore various problems  that arise when local religion confront and deal with the state in the service of civil rights. The basis of the recognition lies in the defining and purposing of religions adopted by the state. Religion is defined as something that has the Scriptures (based on written scripture), the Prophet or Apostle, the divine doctrine of the almighty and gaining international recognitions. This definition is strongly influenced by the world’s religious paradigms. This definition then places the local religions, not as religious people in the state. So that they are not acommodated  in public services due to religion or belief that they are not official religions recognized by the country. So that the country offers a policy effoerts to uniformity religion through conversion (moving) religion to one of the official religion or local religious beliefers who perform religious syncretism  by following certain religions are only limited legal obligations but do not carry out the following religious duties. The aims is to facilitate them in the fulfillment and service of civil rights

Keywords


Diskrimination, State Policy, Local Religions

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15548/jt.v11i2.2108
Abstract views : 131 times
PDF : 150 times

References


Baso, Ahmad. Islam Pasca-Kolonial: Perselingkuhan Agama, Kolonialisme, dan Liberalisme (Bandung: Mizan, 2005)

Efendi, A. Masyhur dan Taufani Sukmana Evandri, HAM Dalam Dimensi/Dinamika Yuridis, Sosial, Politik: Dan Proses Penyusunan/Aplikasi Ha-Kham (Hukum Hak Asasi Manusia) dalam Masyarakat (Bogor: Ghalia Indonesia, 2010)

Faiz, Abdul Aziz. ”Kebijakan Negara Dalam Mengakomodir Agama Pribumi Perspektif Sosial-Antropologis”, Jurnal Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. Vol. 2 No. 2 (2018), hlm. 233.

Hafid, Abdul. “Sistem Kepercayaan Pada Komunitas Adat Kajang Desa Tanah Towa Kecamatan Kajang kabupaten Bulukumba”, PATANJALA. Vol. 5 No. 1 (Maret 2013), hlm.8.

Howell, Julia. “Muslims, the New Age and Religions in Indonesia: Changing Meaning of Religious Pluralism ”. Social Compass. Vol. 52 No. 4, (Desember 2005), hlm.477.

J. Hasse dan Bernard Adeney Risakotta, “Diskriminasi Negara Terhadap Agama di Indonesia: Studi atas Persoalan Posisi Hukum Towani Tolotang Pasca Pengakuan Agama Resmi”, KAWISTARA. Vol. 1 No. 2 (Agustus 2017), hlm. 186.

J. Hasse “Kebijakan Negar Terhadap Agama Lokal Towani Tolotang di Kabupaten Sidrap Sulawesi Selatan”, Jurnal Studi Pemerintahan. Vol. 1 No. 1 (Agustus 2010), hlm.166.

Kholiludin, Tedi. Kuasa Negara atas Agama: Politik Pengakuan, Diskursus Agama Resmi dan Diskriminasi Hak Sipil (Semarang: RaSAIL, 2009)

Maarif, Samsul. “Meninjau Ulang Definisi Agama, Agama Dunia, dan Agama Leluhur” dalam Ihsan Ali Fauzi et.al., Kebebasan, Toleransi, dan Terorisme: Riset dan Kebijakan Agama di Indonesia (Jakarta: PUSAD Paramadina, 2017)

Mulder, Niels. Mysticism and Everyday Life in Contemporary Java: Cutural Persistence and Change (Singapore: Singapore University Press, 1978)

Mauritz, Yohannest. “Agama Kaharingan Bukan Budaya’: Catatan Proses Inklusif Agama Lokal Melalui Revitalisasi Nilai (Studi Orang-Orang Kaharingan di Desa Rubung Buyung Sampit Kalimantan Tengah),” in Intoleransi, Revitalisasi Tradisi dan Tantangan Kebinekaan Indonesia, ed. Ahmad Suaedy (Jakarta: Abdurahman Wahid Center, 2017)

Radjab, Suryadi. Indonesia, Hilangnya Rasa Aman: Hak Asasi Manusia dan Transisi Politik Indonesia) (Jakarta: PBHI dan The Asia Foundation, 2002)

Shofan, Moh. Pluralisme Menyelamatkan Agama-agama (Yogyakarta: Samudera Biru, 2011)

Subagya, Rahmat. Kepercayaan dan Agama (Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1995)

Soehadha, Moh. “Pengertian Antropologis Tentang Agama Dan Pengertian Oleh Negara Tentang Agama Di Indonesia,” ESENSIA. Vol. VI No. 2 (Juli 2005), hal. 189.

____________. Metode Penelitian Sosial Kualitatif Untuk Studi Agama (Yogyakarta: Suka Press, 2012)

Sulhanah (ed), Dinamika Agam Lokal di Indonesia, (Jakarta: Puslitbang Kehidupan Keagamaan Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama, 2014)

Subagya, Rahmat. Kepercayaan – Kebatinan – Kerohanian – Kejiwaan – dan Agama (Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1976)

Sugiyarto, Wakhid. “Eksistensi Agama Hindu Kaharingan di Kota Palangkaraya Kalimantan Tengah”, Jurnal Multikiltural dan Multireligius. Vol. 15 No. 3 (Desember 2016), hlm.108.

Sukirno, “Diskriminasi Pemenuhan Hak-hak Sipil Bagi Penganut Agama Lokal”, Administrative Law and Governance Journal. Vol. 1 No. 3 (Agustus 2018), hlm.237.

Woodward, Mark. ”Hubungan Agama-Negara di Indonesia: Sebuah Perspektif Komparatif” dalam Bernard Adeney Risakotta (ed), Mengelola Keragaman di Indonesia: Agama dan Isu-isu Globalisasi, Kekerasan, Gender, dan Bencana di Indonesia (Bandung: Mizan Pustaka, 2015)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Fakultas Dakwah dan Ilmu Komunikasi, UIN Imam Bonjol Padang
Jl. Prof. Mahmud Yunus No.1, Lubuk Lintah, Kuranji. 
Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat, 25153




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats