The Path to Sainthood: Celibacy in Catholicism and Pabbajita in Buddhism

Muammar Saudi

Abstract


Celibacy is a spiritual act of worship that can be found in Catholicism and Buddhism. Some cases show an inability to continue the spiritual journey of celibacy. This research was conducted to describe the concept of celibacy in Catholicism and Buddhism and its comparison. The explanation and analysis of the central concept of celibacy are based on studies conducted through literature studies. The results of this study indicate: First, celibacy in Catholicism is a choice made by someone not to enter into marriage ties as a form of devotion to God. Meanwhile, in Buddhism, celibacy is one way to achieve peace. Second, the basis for practicing celibacy for Catholics comes from the prohibition of marriage in the Letter of Matthew in a message from Jesus. Whereas in Buddhism, celibacy is a way of life from Pabbajita, what the Buddha taught. Third, the controversy over celibacy in Catholicism began when Peter, the Pope at that time, was married, as well as cases of sexual harassment by priests. Whereas in Buddhism, especially Theravada, the debate is not big because it is a moral code of Pattimokkha given directly from Buddha Siddharta Gautama for those who wish to attain Nibbana. This article argues that celibacy in Catholicism and Buddhism is dynamic and controversial.

Selibat adalah tindakan ibadah spiritual yang dapat ditemukan dalam agama Katolik dan Budha. Beberapa kasus menunjukkan ketidakmampuan untuk melanjutkan perjalanan spiritual selibat. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mendeskripsikan konsep selibat dalam agama Katolik dan Buddha serta perbandingannya. Penjelasan dan analisis konsep sentral selibat didasarkan pada studi yang dilakukan melalui studi literatur. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan: Pertama, selibat dalam agama Katolik adalah pilihan yang dilakukan oleh seseorang untuk tidak melangsungkan ikatan perkawinan sebagai bentuk pengabdian kepada Tuhan. Sedangkan dalam agama Buddha, selibat adalah salah satu cara untuk mencapai kedamaian. Kedua, dasar untuk mempraktikkan selibat bagi umat Katolik berasal dari larangan pernikahan dalam Surat Matius dalam pesan dari Yesus. Sedangkan dalam Buddhisme, selibat adalah cara hidup dan Pabbajita apa yang diajarkan Sang Buddha. Ketiga, kontroversi selibat dalam Katolik dimulai ketika Petrus Paus yang menikah, serta kasus pelecehan seksual oleh para pendeta. Sedangkan dalam agama Buddha, khususnya Theravada, perdebatannya tidak besar karena merupakan kode moral Patimokkha yang diberikan langsung dari Buddha Siddharta Gautama bagi yang ingin pencapaian Nibbana. Artikel ini berpendapat bahwa selibat dalam agama Katolik dan Buddha bersifat dinamis dan kontroversial.

Keywords


Buddhism; Catholicism; Celibacy; Religious Leaders.

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15548/al-adyan.v4i1.6088
Abstract views : 238 times
PDF : 154 times

References


Alter, J. S. (1994). Celibacy, Sexuality, and the Transformation of Gender into Nationalism in North India. The Journal of Asian Studies, 53(1), 45–66.

Ballano, V. O. (2019). Sociological Perspectives on Clerical Sexual Abuse in the Catholic Hierarchy: An Exploratory Structural Analysis of Social Disorganisation. SpringerBriefs in Religious Studies.

bbc.com. (2018). Ketua Asosiasi Umat Buddha Cina dituduh paksa biksu perempuan berhubungan seks. Bbc.Com.

Bittle, A., & Anderson, V. N. (2023). As human as anybody else: Attitudes toward asexual people. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity.

Bowker, J. (2003). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. In Oxford University Press. Oxford University Press.

Brenk, F. E. (2023). “Most Beautiful and Divine:” Graeco-Romans (Especially Plutarch) and Paul on Love and Marriage. In L. Roig Lanzillotta (Ed.), Plutarch on Literature, Graeco-Roman Religion, Jews and Christians (pp. 262–294). BRILL.

Claire Cage, E. C. (2015). Unnatural frenchmen: The politics of priestly celibacy and marriage, 1720-1815. In Unnatural Frenchmen: The Politics of Priestly Celibacy and Marriage, 1720-1815.

Corrigan, J., Denny, F. M., Eire, C. M. N., & Jafee, M. S. (2016). Jews, Christians, Muslim A Comparative Introduction to Monotheistic Religions (J. Corrigan, Ed.; 10th ed.). Routledge.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design Qualitative Quantitative and mixed methods approaches. In Research design Qualitative quantitative and mixed methods approaches (4th ed.). SAGE.

de Weger, S. E. (2022). Unchaste Celibates: Clergy Sexual Misconduct against Adults—Expressions, Definitions, and Harms. Religions, 13(5).

Esli, E., Taridi, T., & Ismoyo, T. (2020). Konsep Diri Dalam Kehidupan Pabbijata. Jurnal Pendidikan Buddha Dan Isu Sosial Kontemporer (JPBISK), 2(2), 64–73.

Fieser, J., & Powers, J. (2018). Scriptures of the World’s Religions. In J. Fieser & J. Powers (Eds.), วารสารวิชาการมหาวิทยาลัยอีสเทิร์นเอเชีย (Six, Vol. 4, Issue 1). McGraw-Hill Education.

Fitriyana, N. (2014). Selibat Dalam Paham Keagamaan Gereja Katolik. Intizar, 20(2).

Freud, S. (2016). Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. In P. van Haute & H. Westerink (Eds.), Https://Medium.Com/ (The 1950).

Hadiwijono, H. (2003). Agama Hindu dan Buddha. BPK Gunung Mulia.

Heuken, A. (2005). Ensiklopedia Gereja (9th ed.). Yayasan Cipta Loka Caraka.

Holland, G. (2007). Celibacy and Religious Traditions. In C. Olson (Ed.), Celibacy and Religious Traditions. Oxford University Press.

Hopfe, L. M., Woodward, M. R., & Hendrickson, B. (2014). Religions of the World (Thirteenth). Pearson.

Igbolekwu, C. O., Arisukwu, O., Nwogu, J., & Asamu, F. (2019). Prevalence and preventive measures for fibroid among Celibate-women in South-Western, Nigeria. Journal of Social Sciences Research, 5(3).

Ishtiaq, M. (2019). Book Review Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. English Language Teaching, 12(5).

Izmy, K. (2022). Perempuan : Studi Kasus Pada Biksuni Buddha. Endogomi: Jurnal Kajian Antropologi, 5(2), 21–28.

Kumar Sah, A. (2023). Position of Women in the Rig Vedic Period. Anthropo-Indialogs, 3(1), 15–20.

Leach, E. A. (1958). Magical Hair - Curl Bequest Prize Essay. The Journal of the Royal Anthopological, 88(2), 147–164.

Lee, B. (2023). Mature Heterosexuality: Catholic Women Religious’ Celibacy in Australia’s Liberation Decades. Journal of Australian Studies, 1–15.

Micheletti, A. J. C., Ge, E., Zhou, L., Chen, Y., Zhang, H., Du, J., & Mace, R. (2022). Religious celibacy brings inclusive fitness benefits. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 289(1977).

O’Brien, J. (2009). Encyclopedia of Gender and Society. In J. O’Brien (Ed.), SAGE Publications (1st & 2nd ed.). SAGE Publications.

Potz, M. (2023). Voluntary Costly Signals in Religious Communities: A Political Interpretation. Method & Theory in the Study of Religion, 1–27.

Rashid, T. S. M. (1997). Sila dan Vinaya. Buddhis Bodhi.

Richard Sipe, A. W. (2003). Celibacy in crisis: A secret world revisited. In Celibacy in Crisis: A Secret World Revisited.

Sanderan, R., Pabangke, A. S., Allo, H. D. R., & Sampe, N. (2022). Studi Teologis-praktis tentang Efektifitas Pelayanan Pendeta yang Membujang. BIA’: Jurnal Teologi Dan Pendidikan Kristen Kontekstual, 5(2), 197–210.

Sari, N. (2020). Pola Kehidupan Sosial Keagamaan Samanera Samaneri di Vihara Bhaisajyagurugrha Kota Bandar Lampung [Thesis]. UIN Raden Intan .

Sasanadhaja, P. (2002). Tuntunan Perkawinan dan Hidup Berkeluarga dalam Agama Buddha. Ditjen Bimas Hindu dan Buddha.

Taram, & Jimo. (2021). Pendidikan Agama Buddha dan Budi Pekerti. In Kalimedia (First, Vol. 53, Issue 9). Pusat Pembukuan BSKAP Kementerian Pendidikan, Kebudayaan, Riset, dan Teknologi.

Tempo.co. (2021). 200.000 Anak Jadi Korban Pelecehan Seks di Gereja, Paus: Saya Sedih dan Malu. Tempo.Co.

Verhoeven, T. (2015). Harmful or Benign? Transnational Medical Networks and the Celibacy of Priests. Journal of Religious History, 39(2), 244–260.

Wibowo, Y. H. K. (2016). Selibat (Imam) Sebagai Cara Mencintai: Suatu Tawaran Reinterpretasi Makna Hidup Selibat Imam. Studia Philosophica et Theologica, 16(2), 228–247.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Adyan: Journal of Religious Studies

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Departement Religious Studies of The Faculty Ushuluddin and Religious Studies State Islamic University Imam Bonjol Padang
Jl. M. Yunus No. 1, Lubuk Lintah, Kuranji. 
Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat 25153
E-mail: al-adyan@uinib.ac.id


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.