Analisis Makna Kawā’ib dalam Al-Qur’an (Kajian Semantik Toshihiko Izutsu)

Autor(s): Salma Monica, Akhmad Dasuki, Nor Faridatunnisa
DOI: 10.15548/mashdar.v3i1.2765

Abstract

The term kawā'ib is mentioned once in the Koran in surah al-Nabā 'verse 33. The term kawā'ib in al-Qur'an and the translation means plump girls. This "plump" translation gives the impression that the Koran uses a vulgar connotation. The purpose of this study is an effort to express the meaning of the term kawā'ib in the al-Qur'an with the semantic approach of Toshihiko Izutsu. This type of research includes library research. To obtain a more precise meaning, the data obtained were interpreted using descriptive analysis and analytic induction. The theory used is the semantics of Toshihiko Izutsu. The principle of Izutsu semantic analysis is to analyze the basic meaning, relational meaning, historical meaning, and weltanschauung. This study resulted in the conclusion that the basic meaning analysis, term kawā'ib in Arabic grammatical is taken from the root word "ka'b" which means something that rises or stands out. The term kawā'ib is the plural of the word "kā'ib" which means a virgin girl with plump breasts. Then the term kawā'ib has a relational meaning: synonyms and antonyms such as al-unṡā, al-nisā`, imra'ah, niswah, hūr, al-fatā, al-rijāl and al-dzakar. In the analysis of historical meaning, the term kawā'ib has the meaning of prominent breasts or plump and virgin breasts. And weltanschauung term "kawā'ib" is a figure of youth in each individual.

Keywords

Kawā’ib; Semantics; Toshihiko Izutsu; Al-Quran

Full Text:

PDF

References

Affandi, Abdullah dan M. Su’ud. “Antara Takwa dan Takut (Kajian Semantik Leksikal dan Historis terhadap Al-Qur’an).” Jurnal al-Hikmah 4, no. 2 (2016).

Akrom, Muhammad. “ANALISIS KETAMPANAN NABI YUSUF DALAM PERSPEKTIF SEMIOTIKA AL-QUR’AN.” Arabiyat: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab dan Kebahasaaraban 1, no. 2 (Desember 2014).

Al-Baghdādi, Syihābuddīn Sayyid Mahmūd al-Alūsī. Rūh al-Ma’ānī fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-‘Adzim wa Sab’i al-Maṣani. Beirut: Dar Ehia Tourath al-Arabi, t.t.

Al-Dimasyqy, Imām al-Hāfiẓ ‘Imād al-Dīn Abī al-Fidā Ismā’il bin Umar Ibn Kaṡīr. Tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-‘Aẓīm. Jilid 8. Beirut-Lebanon: Dar al-Kotob al-Ilmiyah, 1998.

Al-Marāghī, Syaikh Ahmad Muṣṭofā. Tafsir Al-Marāghī. Kairo: Mushtofa Al-Babi Al-Halabi, 1946.

Al-Iflīlī, Ibn. Syarh Syi’r al-Mutanabbī. juz 2. Beirut: Muassasah Al-Risalah, 1992.

Al-Qāsimī, Muḥammad Jamāluddīn. Mahāsin al-Ta’wil. Kairo: Dar Ihya’ Al-kutub Al-Arabiyah, 1958.

Al-Qaysī, li Abī Muḥammad Makkī bin Abī Ṭālib. Al-Hidāyah ila Bulūghi al-Nihāyah. Jilid 1. Sharjah-Uni Emirat Arab: University of Sharjah, 2008.

Al-Qurtubī, Abī Abdillah Muḥammad bin Aḥmad bin Abī Bakrin. Al-Jāmi’ li Ahkam al-Qur’ān al-Mubayyin lima Taḍammanahu min al-Sunnah wa ayi al-Furqān. Juz 22. Beirut/Lebanon: Al-Resalah Publishers, t.t.

Al-Sa’dī, Al-‘Alamah Al-Syaikh ‘Abd Al-Raḥmān bin Nāsir. Tafsīr Al-Karīm Al-Rahmān fī Tafsīr Kalām al-Mannān. Beirut: Resalah Publisher, 2002.

Al-Tabari, Li Abī Ja’far Muḥammad bin Jarīr. Tafsir Al-Ṭabarī Jāmi’al-Bayān ‘an Ta’wīl ay al-Qur’ān. juz 24. Kairo: Markaz al-Buhūṡ wa al-Dirāsāt al-Islāmiyyat, 2001.

Al-Tirmiẓī, Abī ‘Īsā Muḥammad bin ‘Isā bin Sauroh. Jāmi’ al-Tirmiẓī. Saudi Arabia: Baitul Afkar al-Dauliyah, t.t.

Al-Wāhidi, Alī bin Aḥmad. Asbāb al-Nuzūl al-Qur’ān. Kairo: Dar al-Kitab al-Jadid, 1969.

Al-Zamakhsyari, Al-Allamah Jarulloh Abul Qāsim Muḥammad bin ‘Umar. Al-Kasysyaf An Haqāiq Ghowamidlit Tanzīl Wa Uyunil Aqāwi fī Wujūhit Ta’wil. Riyadh: Maktabah Al-‘Abikan, 1998.

Ali, Maulana Muhammad. The Holy Quran. Jakarta Pusat: Darul Kutubil Islamiyah, 1979.

Alnizar, Fariz. “Kesepadanan Terjemahan Polisemi: Penelitian Analisis Konten pada Terjemahan Surat al-Baqarah Kementerian Agama.” Hayula: Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Islamic Studies 1, no. 2 (31 Juli 2017): 111–34. https://doi.org/10.21009/hayula.001.2.01.

Ainurrafiq, Faiq. “ANALISA KESALAHAN DALAM PENERJEMAHAN KITAB AL-BALAGAH AL-WADIHAH KARYA ALI AL-JARIM DAN MUSTAFA AMIN.” Cendekia: Jurnal Kependidikan Dan Kemasyarakatan 13, no. 1 (1 Juni 2015): 35–48. https://doi.org/10.21154/cendekia.v13i1.236.

Amīn, Nusrat Baygum. Makhzan al-‘Irfān dar Tafsīr Qur’ān. Jilid 14. Isfahan: Markaz Tahqiqat Royanah Qoime, t.t.

Anshori, Muhammad. “Pemuda dalam al-Qur’an dan Hadis.” Jurnal Kajian Islam Interdisipliner 1, no. 2 (Desember 2016).

American Psychological Asociation. Developing Adolescent: A Reference for Professionals. Washington DC: American Psychological Association, 2002.

Andika, Mayola. “Reinterpretasi Ayat Gender Dalam Memahami Relasi Laki-Laki Dan Perempuan (Sebuah Kajian Kontekstual Dalam Penafsiran).” Musãwa Jurnal Studi Gender Dan Islam 17, no. 2 (26 Juli 2019): 137–52. https://doi.org/10.14421/musawa.2018.172.137-152.

Annisaa, Istiqomah, M. R. Nababan, dan Djatmika Djatmika. “ANALISIS KUALITAS KETERBACAAN PADA QUR`AN SURAT AL-KAHFI AYAT 1-10 DALAM DUA VERSI TERJEMAHAN (DEPAG RI DAN MMI).” KoPeN: Konferensi Pendidikan Nasional 2, no. 1 (13 Februari 2020): 131–36.

Ath-Ṭabarī, Abu Ja’far Muḥammad bin Jarīr. Tafsir Ath-Tabari Juz ‘Amma. Jilid 26. Jakarta: Pustaka Azzam, 2007.

As-Suyuti, Imam Jalaluddin al-Mahalli dan Imam Jajaluddin. Tafsir Jalalain. Jilid 2. Sinar Baru Algensindo, t.t.

Ash-Shiddieqy, Teungku Muhammad Hasbi. Tafsir Al-Qur’ānul Majid An-Nūr. Semarang: Pustaka Rizki Putra, t.t.

Aziz, Shawana A. Tafsīr Surah al-Nabā’ the Day of Resurrection in light of soorah an-naba. Quran Sunnah Educational Programs, t.t. www.qsep.com.

Bachmid, Ahmad. “Telaah Kritis Terhadap Karakteristik Sastra Arab Masa Jahiliyah dan Islam.” Buletin Al-Turas 10, no. 3 (2004): 181–202.

Baird, Janis, Inna Walker, Clare Smith, dan Hazel Inskip. “Review of Methods for Determining Pubertal Status and Age of Onset of Puberty in Cohort and Longitudinal Studies.” London, UK: CLOSER, 2017.

Baqī, Muḥammad Fuād ‘Abdul. Mu’jam Mufahras Li al-Fāzi Al-Qur’ān Al-Karīm. Dar al Hadith, t.t.

Batubara, Jose RL. “Adolescent Development (Perkembangan Remaja).” Sari Pediatri 12, no. 1 (23 November 2016): 21–29. https://doi.org/10.14238/sp12.1.2010.21-9.

Bulan, Derhana. “SEMANTIK AL-QUR’AN (PENDEKATAN SEMANTIK AL-QUR’AN THOSHIHIKO IZUTZU).” Potret Pemikiran 23, no. 1 (28 November 2019): 1–9. https://doi.org/10.30984/pp.v23i1.801.

Bustamam, Risman. “BAHASA AL-QURAN TENTANG SEKSUALITAS MENURUT TAFSIR AL-MISHBAH DAN RELEVANSI DENGAN PENDIDIKAN DAN GENDER - PDF Free Download.” Diakses 4 Juli 2021. https://docplayer.info/136053582-Bahasa-al-quran-tentang-seksualitas-menurut-tafsir-al-mishbah-dan-relevansi-dengan-pendidikan-dan-gender.html.

Fahriana, Lukita. “Pemaknaan Qalb Salīm dengan Metode Analisis Semantik Toshihiko Izutsu.” Refleksi 18, no. 2 (2019): 273–98.

Fakhruddīn, Al-Imām Muhammad al-Rāzi. Tafsīr al-Fakhri al-Rāzī al-Musytahir bi al-Tafsīr al-Kabīr wa Mafātih al-Ġaib. Juz 31. Lebanon-Beirut: Lebanon-Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1981.

Fatmawati, Mila, Dadang Darmawan, dan Ahmad Izzan. “ANALISIS SEMANTIK KATA SYUKŪR DALAM ALQURAN.” Al-Bayan: Jurnal Studi Ilmu Al- Qur’an dan Tafsir 3, no. 1 (31 Agustus 2018). https://doi.org/10.15575/al-bayan.v3i1.3129.

Ginting, Herlina dan Adelina Ginting. “Beberapa Teori dan Pendekatan Semantik.” Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia dan Satra (PENDISTRA) 2, no. 2 (2019).

Haleem, M.A.S Abdel. The Quran. New York: Oxford University Press Inc., 2004.

Hamka. Tafsir al-Azhar. Jilid 10. Singapura: Pustaka Nasional PTE LTD, 1988.

Harahap, Rahma Riani, Pujiati Pujiati, dan Ali Marzuki Zebua. “The Meaning of Word ‘al-Nisa’ in Toshihiko Izutsu’s Perspective of Semantic.” Jurnal Al Bayan: Jurnal Jurusan Pendidikan Bahasa Arab 12, no. 1 (31 Mei 2020): 128–48. https://doi.org/10.24042/albayan.v12i1.5359.

Hudlor, M. A. B. Sholahuddin. “Konsep Kidhb Dalam Alquran ; Kajian Semantik Toshihiko Izutsu.” Undergraduate, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya, 2019. http://digilib.uinsby.ac.id/29962/.

Hunawa, Rahmawati. “KEDUDUKAN SUAMI-ISTRI (KAJIAN SURAH AN-NISA’ [4]: 34).” JURNAL POTRET -- Journal penelitian dan pemikiran islam 22, no. 1 (Juni 2018).

Izutsu, Toshihiko. Relasi Tuhan dan Manusia: Pendekatan Semantik terhadap Al-Qur’an. Diterjemahkan oleh Agus Fahri Husein, Supriyanto Abdullah, dan Amirudin. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana Yogya, 1997.

Javed, Asma, dan Aida Lteif. “Development of the Human Breast.” Seminars in Plastic Surgery 27, no. 1 (Februari 2013): 5–12. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0033-1343989.

Kasim, Refik. “كواعب ؛ أترابا :المعنى والدلالة.” İnönü Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 8, no. 2 (27 Desember 2017): 215–31.

Kau, Sofyan A.P. “MENUJU TAFSIR AGAMA YANG BERKEADILAN GENDER:KENISCAYAAN PERAN PEREMPUAN DALAM DUNIA PUBLIK.” Jurnal Universitas Paramadina 10, no. 1 (April 2013).

“Kawa’ib” Pada Surah an-Naba’ Ayat 33. “‘Kawa’ib’ Pada Surah an-Naba’ Ayat 33.” Diakses 27 Oktober 2020. https://yukioharuaki.mystrikingly.com/blog/kawa-ib-pada-surah-an-naba-ayat-33.

Kumala, Mira Maya. “Evaluasi Perkembangan Payudara dengan Ultrasonografi pada Perempuan Usia 6-15 Tahun.” Skripsi Program Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis – 1 (Sp.1) Program Studi Ilmu Radiologi Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, 2018.

Lajnah Pentashih Mushaf Al-Qur’an. Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahannya Edisi Penyempurnaan 2019. Jakarta: Lajnah Pentashih Mushaf Al-Qur’an, 2019.

Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf Al-Qur’an. Seksualitas dalam Perspektif Al-Qur’an dan Sains. Jakarta: Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf Al-Qur’an, 2012.

Lubab, Nafiul. “Open Journal Systems.” Hermeneutik : Jurnal Ilmu Al-Qur’an dan Tafsir, [S.l.] 11, no. 1 (Mei 2019): 97–108. https://doi.org/10.21043/hermeneutik.v11i1.4504.

Manẓūr, Ibn Lisān al-‘Arab. Jilid 1. Beirut: Dar Sader, t.t.

Misran dan Maya Sari. “Pengabaian Kewajiban Istri karena Nusyuz Suami(Studi Penafsiran Imam Al-Thabari Terhadap QS Al-Nisa: 128).” Samarah: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga dan Hukum Islam 2, no. 2 (Juli 2018).

Mujahid, Ahmad dan Haeriyyah Haeriyyah. “THAHARAH LAHIR DAN BATIN DALAM AL-QURAN (Penafsiran terhadap Qs. Al-Muddatsir/74:4 dan Qs. Al-Maidah/5:6).” Al-Risalah : Jurnal Imu Syariah dan Hukum 19, no. 2 (2019).

Mukarromah. “KONTEKSTUALISASI MAKNA DAN HAK-HAK PEREMPUAN DALAM ALQURAN | PERADA.” Perada 1, no. 1 (Juni 2018). http://ejournal.stainkepri.ac.id/index.php/perada/article/view/9.

Ngamilah, Ngamilah. “Polemik Arah Kiblat dan Solusinya dalam Perspektif al-Qur’an.” Millati: Journal of Islamic Studies and Humanities 1, no. 1 (15 Juni 2016): 81–102. https://doi.org/10.18326/mlt.v1i1.81-102.

Pbsi, Sarnia. “POLISEMI DALAM BAHASA MUNA.” JURNAL HUMANIKA 3, no. 15 (19 Mei 2017). http://ojs.uho.ac.id/index.php/HUMANIKA/article/view/606.

Pusat Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. “Kamus Bahasa Indonesia.” Jakarta: Pusat Bahasa, 2008.

Qays, Imru’. Dīwan Imru’ Qays. Kairo: Dar al Ma’ārif, 1984.

Riyani, Irma. “MENELUSURI LATAR HISTORIS TURUNNYA ALQURAN DAN PROSES PEMBENTUKAN TATANAN MASYARAKAT ISLAM.” Al-Bayan: Jurnal Studi Ilmu Al- Qur’an dan Tafsir 1, no. 1 (6 Oktober 2016): 27–34. https://doi.org/10.15575/al-bayan.v1i1.873.

Rizal, Syamsul. “MELACAK TERMINOLOGI MANUSIA DALAM ALQURAN.” Jurnal At-Tibyan 2, no. 2 (Desember 2017).

Sahidah, Ahmad. God, Man, and Nature. Disunting oleh Yanuar Arifin. Cetakan 1. Yogyakarta: IRCiSoD, 2018.

Saidah, Nor. “Bidadari dalam Konstruksi Tafsir Al Qur’an: Analisis Gender atas Pemikiran Amina Wadud Muhsin dalam Penafsiran Al Qur’an.” PALASTREN 6, no. 2 (Desember 2013).

Sha’rawi, Muhammad Mutawalli. Anda Bertanya Islam Menjawab. Jakarta: Gema Insani, 2008.

Shafi, Mahmud. Al-Jadwal fī I’rab al-Qur’ān wa Sharfihi wa Bayānihi. Beirut: Dar Ar-Rasyid, 1995.

Shihab, M. Quraish. Tafsir Al-Misbah Pesan, Kesan dan Keserasian Al-Qur’an. Vol. 15. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2002.

Supriadi, Akhmad. Kecerdasan Seksual dalam Al-Qur’an. 1. Yogyakarta: Idea Press Yogyakarta, 2018.

Suryaningrat, Erwin. “PENGERTIAN, SEJARAH DAN RUANG LINGKUP KAJIAN SEMANTIK (Ilmu Dalalah).” At-Ta’lim : Media Informasi Pendidikan Islam 12, no. 1 (1 Maret 2019): 105–25. https://doi.org/10.29300/attalim.v12i1.1622.

Tapscott, Rebecca. “Understanding Breast ‘Ironing’: A Study of the Methods, Motivations, and Outcomes of Breast Flatening Practices in Cameroon.” Cameeron: Feinsten Internasional Center, 2012.

Tim IT Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf Al-Qur’an. Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahan, Quran Kemenag in Word Add-Ins (Quran Kemenag in Word) (versi 1.0). Terjemah Kemenag 2002, t.t.

Triana, Rumba, Fachmi Ramadhan, dan Ibrahim Bafadhal. “INTERPRETASI TERM RIJÂL DALAM AL-QUR’AN.” AL TADABBUR: JURNAL ILMU ALQURAN DAN TAFSIR 05, no. 01 (Juni 2020).

Wathani, Syamsul. “Tradisi Akademik dalam Khalaqah Tafsīr (Orientasi Semantik Al-Qur’an Klasik dalam Diskursus Hermeneutik).” Maghza 1, no. 1 (2016).

Wahyuni, Imelda. “PENGETAHUAN BAHASA ARAB DALAM MEMAHAMI BIAS GENDER PADA TERJEMAHAN AL-QURAN VERSI KEMENTERIAN AGAMA.” Jurnal Al - Maiyyah 9, no. 1 (Juni 2016).

Yayasan Penyelenggara Penterjemah Al-Qur’an. Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahannya. Semarang: Toha Putra, 1989.

Yunus, Mahmud. Kamus Arab-Indonesia. Jakarta: Mahmud Yunus Wa Dzuruyyah, 2010.

https://yukioharuaki.mystrinkingly.com/bl og/kawa-ib-pada-surah-an-naba-ayat-33

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
https://pppi.sulselprov.go.id/-/slot-gacor/https://izv-tn.tti.sfedu.ru/-/slot-pulsa/http://dopovidi-nanu.org.ua/sites/default/files/slot-gacor/https://chasopys-ppp.dp.ua/public/site/slot-deposit-pulsa/https://www.ncst.mw/wp-content/uploads/slot-online/https://malawidiaspora.gov.mw/slot-deposit-pulsa/https://dopovidi-nanu.org.ua/ojs/styles/situs-slot-gacor/http://ojs3.bkstm.org/public/journals/1/togel-online/http://revistaaristas.tij.uabc.mx/public/link-slot-gacor/https://penerbit.undip.ac.id/pages/slot-deposit-pulsa/https://jurnal.madiunkab.go.id/pages/slot-gacor-4d/https://jurnal.madiunkab.go.id/public/site/slot-gacor-4d/https://perizinan.jambikota.go.id/frontend/web/slot-online/https://aar-healthcare.com/ke/wp-content/slot-dana/https://jurnal.madiunkab.go.id/pages/slot-gacor/http://ejournalbidan.poltekkes-kaltim.ac.id/slot-gacor-maxwin/https://sitenar.madiunkab.go.id/public/-/slot88/https://pendidikanbahasaindonesia.umnu.ac.id/-/slot-dana/https://perizinan.jambikota.go.id/frontend/web/slot/https://siagaki.sulselprov.go.id/frontend/slot88/https://peternakan.umnu.ac.id/-/slot-deposit-pulsa/https://datadesacenter.dpmd.jatimprov.go.id/puem/assets/https://datadesacenter.dpmd.jatimprov.go.id/assets/slot-pulsa/https://amerta.kemenkumham.go.id/file/slot-demo/https://www.ufrgs.br/nupegem/wp-content/slot-gacor/https://www.ufrgs.br/nupegem/slot-pulsa/https://188.166.227.65/http://prosiding.fisip.unsri.ac.id/-/slot-gacor/https://penerbit.undip.ac.id/-/slot-gacor/http://jurnal.amy.ac.id/public/-/slot-gacor/https://sipenta.bappeda.tulungagung.go.id/storage/slot-online/https://jurnalpangriptav3.malangkota.go.id/pages/slot-gacor-maxwin-4d/https://jurnalpangriptav3.malangkota.go.id/js/slot-deposit-pulsa-terpercaya/http://prosiding.fisip.unsri.ac.id/pages/slot-pulsa-terpercaya/http://prosiding.fisip.unsri.ac.id/js/slot-dana/https://kecamatanrancabali.bandungkab.go.id/public/css/slot-deposit-pulsa/https://jurnalpangriptav3.malangkota.go.id/demo-slot/https://jurnalpangriptav3.malangkota.go.id/-/joker123/http://prosiding.fisip.unsri.ac.id/pages/slot-bonus-100/https://jurnalpangriptav3.malangkota.go.id/styles/sv388/https://www.ufrgs.br/rbml/styles/slot-demo/https://kec-girimaya.pangkalpinangkota.go.id/-/slot-gacor/https://stisnu-aceh.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2022/10/togel-online/https://ptik.unp.ac.id/wp-content/slot-deposit-pulsa/https://www.ufrgs.br/rbml/-/bola88/https://siagaki.sulselprov.go.id/frontend/slot-gacor/https://siagaki.sulselprov.go.id/frontend/slot-online/https://paper.icprp.uii.ac.id/public/togel-online/https://jescee.universitaspertamina.ac.id/pages/slot-dana/https://wirausaha.deliserdangkab.go.id/https://www.ufrgs.br/rbml/pages/pragmatic88/https://kecamatanrancabali.bandungkab.go.id/public/css/slot-online/https://paper.icprp.uii.ac.id/public/slot88/https://jurnalergonomik3.ti.itb.ac.id/js/https://penerbit.undip.ac.id/js/slot-deposit-pulsa/https://paper.icprp.uii.ac.id/public/slot-deposit-pulsa/https://penerbit.undip.ac.id/styles/slot/https://subdomainmaker.deliserdangkab.go.id/-/slot-gacor/https://ptik.unp.ac.id/wp-content/themes/slot-pulsa/https://paper.icprp.uii.ac.id/public/slot-gacor-maxwin/https://www.kecamatankutawaringin.bandungkab.go.id/public/slot777/http://prosiding.fisip.unsri.ac.id/pages/link-slot-gacor/https://dcs-ditkapel.dephub.go.id/storage/slot-deposit-pulsa/https://dcs-ditkapel.dephub.go.id/storage/slot-dana/https://www.ufrgs.br/nupegem/slot-pulsa/https://jurnalergonomik3.ti.itb.ac.id/js/slot-dana/